INEQUALITY – a 3 part analysis (race and society)
What is the most urgent issue in the global political economy today?
As a Londoner born and raised, specifically a white male Londoner, I have never experienced any racial bias based on my personal appearance or religious identity. Growing up in an ethnically and religious diverse society has given me a unique experience and being a part of a multicultural society has forced me to address the differences and analyse potential inequalities other people may face. To assume the issues of race and social inequality is less than it was 50 years ago is subjective to the individual but issues in every society that in some form is built from traditional systems that were at one time very unequal. The global political economy still functions in this way, to an extent, and to really develop progressively is to dismantle the systematic belief systems that keep specific members of society marginalised.
Part III – race and social inequality
The global political economy requires social cultivation alongside the process globalisation; the interconnected trading and deals modern countries need to adhere to, to be sustainable. This causes issues when domestic inequality occurs when the focus is on expansion. The factor of ethics and governments being irresponsible within their own society’s link to the issue of race inequality and the social disadvantages certain demographics experience.
‘’Racial minorities made up about 37.4 percent of the general population in the US…but they made up 62.7 percent of unarmed people killed by police.’’ (Lopez, G., 2018)
Systematically rooted into the American society, gun control is constantly fought for due to the constant loss of life. The abuse of gun crime and police brutality has led to a spotlight on the American police system. The issue of police brutality isn’t simply confined to Black vs White, but is an example of the inequality and privileges people face in America on the basis of their skin colour. The stereotypes linked to race and religion, applies a living disparity to certain people; which fuels the trigger happy police officers as they expect a criminal when it’s a normal law abiding citizen living their life.
In the UK, there is rooted racial inequality in the school system. Specifically focusing on school exclusions, follows the experience of the Traveller community. Compared to other racial groups in the UK, the figures aren’t so inflated; ‘Last year almost one in five schoolchildren from Gypsy or Irish Traveller backgrounds were suspended from school and about one in 250 were expelled’ (Gayle, D. and Marsh, S., 2018). Inequality usually is developed in various factors in society, the Traveller community being one of the least affluent and excluded demographics in the UK. Racial inequality is impacting their education and furthermore limiting them in future job opportunities compared to other British communities.
The issue of racial inequality is significant to the politics of Theresa May. The prime minister has acknowledged that there is an unjust barrier in the British socio-economic system that negatively impacts minority groups across the UK. The measures brought up primarily focus on workplace inequality and the disparity of wealth and income when comparing the different racial groups across the UK (GOV.UK, 2018). Using this link you can search a plethora of data recordings about the British workplace statistics categorised by racial grouping; examples are unemployment rates, work sector analytics and average incomes.
The aspect of political reaction to the issues of inequality in its many forms has sparked interest from many aspects of society; from the public, the elite and intergovernmental control. However, this also begins to discuss the inequalities within societies when it comes to addressing culture and factors of culture that are important to the framework of political decisions and a normative society.
Religion is a key factor of culture, creates a specific community in a country and can even be an influencing aspect to the political belief system. In China we are experiencing a saddening event, ‘one million Uyghurs who are locked in internment camps in China because they are Muslims’ (Cook, M., 2018), this is due to the Chinese authorities wanting to push atheism to be in support of the Chinese socialist regime. This is an issue to the global economy as it infringes the ethics and safety of its people due to the strong forceful nature of the Chinese society in what it wants of its people and how their system is organised around the lack of religious identity.
The encouragement of religious freedom is crucial to solve societal inequality and can furthermore boost the change of systematic values in a number of counties, maybe even China due to their very outwards looking approach to global trade. The aspect of economics being a pivotal aspect to political change in very traditionalist countries may be the pushing factor in achieving this change. Furthermore, the support of the Pope as he is an advocate of religious freedom and religious identity will hopefully have a positive effect in solving religious inequality; that can be linked into racial inequality in society dye to the broad groupings and demographics people are marginalised into.
“This is not consistent with human rights standards, and human rights standards and EU policies should not focus on discrimination between one religion and another, but rather on cases in which a person is targeted because of having a religion or belonging to a religion” he said (Bordoni, L., 2018)
The Pope’s message refers to the assumption that religious inequality is deemed only an issue to a designated minority, in EU court rulings, which is inefficient in solving the issue of religious inequality as it doesn’t reflect it as a human right, but as a social circumstance or a social consequence of being a part of a specific religion or religious community.
This reflects the need to ensure inequality is deemed a human right, rather than a disadvantage in society as it interconnects everybody. Gender, economic background, race and religion are unique to everyone and in society they shouldn’t be seen as distinctive differences to the extent at which certain people benefit from the day they are born.
Tom Santamaria M00621901
Bordoni, L. (2018). EU Bishops: religious freedom is a human right – Vatican News. [online] Vaticannews.va. Available at: https://www.vaticannews.va/en/church/news/2018-12/comece-european-union-human-rights-religious-freedom.html [Accessed 14 Dec. 2018].
Cook, M. (2018). MercatorNet: Why isn’t religious freedom ‘the defining issue of our time’?. [online] MercatorNet. Available at: https://www.mercatornet.com/above/view/why-isnt-religious-freedom-the-defining-issue-of-our-time/21972 [Accessed 14 Dec. 2018].
Gayle, D. and Marsh, S. (2018). From football to dating to TV: 10 areas rife with racial bias in UK. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/dec/03/from-football-to-dating-to-tv-10-areas-rife-with-racial-bias-in-uk [Accessed 14 Dec. 2018].
GOV.UK. (2018). PM launches series of measures to tackle barriers facing ethnic minorities in the workplace. [online] Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/news/pm-launches-series-of-measures-to-tackle-barriers-facing-ethnic-minorities-in-the-workplace [Accessed 14 Dec. 2018].
Lopez, G. (2018). There are huge racial disparities in how US police use force. [online] Vox. Available at: https://www.vox.com/identities/2016/8/13/17938186/police-shootings-killings-racism-racial-disparities [Accessed 14 Dec. 2018].