Today we are wondering how it is to be a labor force in the process of globalization and open competition on the world market.What does it means? Does this lead us to a greater possibility of looking for work and gaining a protection at work? These concepts depend on which part of the world we are living, and in which state, because many of us are often in a situation that they have to work longer than full-time with their employer. Sometimes this kind of work is paid, and sometimes it’s not. What is always a fact is whether this work contributes to productivity and how much really such work is necessary in the conditions of free competition.
A report on the situation in the UK where there is now a tendency to reduce the cost of one hour of workers and the increasing use of zero-hours workers who are mostly paid around the minimum or a bit below. This is a risk, as report says, for states where workers are forced to work under such conditions. (The Guardian,2018) Let us compare with America, which equally has a very serious system of law and working conditions, so that unemployed waiting for work, if they possess the skills necessary for jobs offered to them on the market and demanded by employers, they can find it. Even the number of jobs in the US labor market has increased, so jobs can be found for 600,000 unemployed who are currently waiting for employment. (Financial Times, 2018)
Although there seems to be a crisis in leading economies, the minimum or even working conditions that are not satisfactory to the “West” standard are largely inadequate to many developing countries and other parts of the world.”The loan conditions enforced by the World Bank and the IMF on developing countries prevent governments from regulating wages and enforcing labor rights.” Economic experts begin to admit that global economy has failed to address persistent problems of poverty and inequality in the world. (JackieSmith, 2014, pg 875)
If we compare it with developing countries, the percentages tell us one side of the price. Even 45%, if not more than the population in Latin America, parts of Asia are paid below the national average of that country, compared with Western countries like the UK where 1.2% are just paid below the national level. (Uma Rani,Patrick Belser, 2012, pg. 50). These disproportions in payment can lead to crucial issues that arise themselves, namely whether a national government should conduct economic policy or be handed over to the management of technocrats which, in some periods of crisis (such as Greece), lead to are they a solution for the depoliticization of institutions and professional management of the state? (Peter Burham, 2014, pg194-5)
There is certainly no correct solution. What leads to a very inconvenient position most workers are times of crisis and situations that force most workers to act in accordance with the conditions prescribing to them, even if their labor law has been imperiled. It is a game without rules, the state would certainly have to regulate the behavior of employers towards employees. It is not, of course, the goal to exploit workers simply because it would contribute statistically to reducing unemployment in the country. Law in developed countries is very well regulated and working conditions, so it is actually a question of how underdeveloped countries can manage to regulate their rights for workers. In the conditions of globalization, these people will, because of their unemployment in their countries, go abroad to developed countries and work illegaly or will consciously fall into a problem with an employer who can threaten them.
The development of other parts of the world with the help of institutions such as the IMF and the World Bank and their strategies to open their markets lead exclusively to positive solutions, and can even produce political instability due to great dissatisfaction in the country. One should be cautious in giving advice on how to influence states to pursue their policies, and in the end, no one is thinking about that little worker who always turns out to be out of the “big” decisions that cut his fate out of it’s safe cabinet. In the end, it is always the most important effective implementation of laws and, of course, the protection of workers guaranteed by national and international acts.
- The Guardian, More regular work wanted by almost half those on zero-hours, oct 2018, Avaliable at: https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2018/oct/03/regular-secure-work-wanted-by-almost-half-on-zero-hours-contracts-flexible-gig-economy, Accessed at: 12.12.2018.
- Financial Times, Booming US labour market draws new jobseekers, may, 2018, Avaliable at: https://www.ft.com/content/61a6c41e-8122-11e8-8e67-1e1a0846c475 Accessed at:13.12.2018.
- Jackie Smith, Economic Globalization and Labor Rights: Towards Global Solidarity, feb 2014, Vol. 20, Issue 2, Article 15, Avaliable at: https://scholarship.law.nd.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1187&context=ndjlepp
- Uma Rani, Patrick Belser , The effectiveness of minimum wages in developing countries: The case of India, International Journal of Labour Research 2012 Vol. 4 Issue 1, Avaliable at: http://nationalminimumwage.co.za/wp-content/uploads/2015/09/0202-The-effectiveness-of-minimum-wages-in-developing-countries-The-case-of-India.pdf
- Peter Burham, Depoliticisation: economic crisis and political management, Policy & Politics, 2014 vol 42, no 2 Avaliable at: https://mdx.mrooms.net/pluginfile.php/1372196/mod_resource/content/1/Peter%20Burnham%20and%20the%20state.pdf
Written by Sofija Pantic M00690323