The human beings have moved from agriculture to working in the industries, over the years and they call it development. When the technology was limited and people used their hands as tools, the productivity was lower and with the improvements in technology, industries came up. They converted the raw materials into finished goods at a much faster rate and the levels of production increased. Some people, mostly the business owners and those in the higher job levels, started making huge amounts of money and those in the lower job levels did not have a great life.
The economic development has created several differences between the people from different parts of the world (UKEssays, 2017). The countries that have industrialized to a great extent and have minimal dependence on agriculture or primary activities are considered to be developed economies while those which are trying to move from primary to secondary and tertiary activities are considered as developing countries.
This differentiation itself talks about the negative impact of industrialization on the world i.e. the world has now been divided based on the development in the economies of the countries. This is not a great sign, especially for the countries that are in their developing stage or need support to develop. The decisions in the global environment are biased towards the developed countries, just like the availability of the resources to the rich.
The economic development has improved the infrastructure and responded to the needs of the people (Danev, 2017). Agriculture has provided adequate support to various industries and they could not have developed without the inputs received from the primary activities. There are economies which have done extremely well in past with the help of their well-developed agricultural systems but the industrialization has had a negative effect on them as well. Certain countries, in the need of industrialization, exploited the resources of these economies and destroyed the system. As it is said, the planet has enough for every person’s needs but not enough for his greed.
Development based on industrialization is not wrong but when one looks at the negative effects on the environment like air, water and land pollution (Mike, 2017), it can be said that industrialization does not mean development. If an activity leads to poor health for the people, differences in the economy and environmental degradation, it must be controlled to safeguard the society.
Development, like in Bhutan, means happiness of people (Wood, 2017). When the people of a country are happy, have the resources to take care of their basic needs and can interact freely with each other, then that country would be called a developed economy in its true sense. If the development comes from being happy, let it be like that. It is not just a matter of chance that a small country like Bhutan, from a continent which is said to be inferior to Europe or North America, measures its economic growth in Gross National Happiness (Canan, 2017) and not in Gross Domestic Product.
- Canan, L. (2017). Bhutan: The World’s Happiest Country | One World Education, Inc. [online] Oneworldeducation.org. Available at: https://www.oneworldeducation.org/bhutan-worlds-happiest-country
- Danev, N. (2017). Positive and negative effects of urban development. [online] Available at: http://peopleof.oureverydaylife.com/positive-negative-effects-urban-development-9619.html
- Mike, U. (2017). Negative Impacts of Technological Development. [online] HubPages. Available at: https://hubpages.com/education/Negative-Impacts-of-Technological-Development
- (2017). Positive and Negative impacts of Economic Growth. [online] Available at: https://www.ukessays.com/essays/economics/positive-and-negative-impacts-of-economic-growth-economics-essay.php
- Wood, P. (2017). What happens when a country strives for happiness — at any cost? [online] ABC News. Available at: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-06-23/bhutan-strives-for-happiness-but-at-what-cost/8633424