What Development ? Salman Nathani-M00611168-Dubai Campus

The human beings have moved from agriculture to working in the industries, over the years and they call it development. When the technology was limited and people used their hands as tools, the productivity was lower and with the improvements in technology, industries came up. They converted the raw materials into finished goods at a much faster rate and the levels of production increased. Some people, mostly the business owners and those in the higher job levels, started making huge amounts of money and those in the lower job levels did not have a great life.

The economic development has created several differences between the people from different parts of the world (UKEssays, 2017). The countries that have industrialized to a great extent and have minimal dependence on agriculture or primary activities are considered to be developed economies while those which are trying to move from primary to secondary and tertiary activities are considered as developing countries.

This differentiation itself talks about the negative impact of industrialization on the world i.e. the world has now been divided based on the development in the economies of the countries. This is not a great sign, especially for the countries that are in their developing stage or need support to develop. The decisions in the global environment are biased towards the developed countries, just like the availability of the resources to the rich.

The economic development has improved the infrastructure and responded to the needs of the people (Danev, 2017). Agriculture has provided adequate support to various industries and they could not have developed without the inputs received from the primary activities. There are economies which have done extremely well in past with the help of their well-developed agricultural systems but the industrialization has had a negative effect on them as well. Certain countries, in the need of industrialization, exploited the resources of these economies and destroyed the system. As it is said, the planet has enough for every person’s needs but not enough for his greed.

Development based on industrialization is not wrong but when one looks at the negative effects on the environment like air, water and land pollution (Mike, 2017), it can be said that industrialization does not mean development. If an activity leads to poor health for the people, differences in the economy and environmental degradation, it must be controlled to safeguard the society.

Development, like in Bhutan, means happiness of people (Wood, 2017). When the people of a country are happy, have the resources to take care of their basic needs and can interact freely with each other, then that country would be called a developed economy in its true sense. If the development comes from being happy, let it be like that. It is not just a matter of chance that a small country like Bhutan, from a continent which is said to be inferior to Europe or North America, measures its economic growth in Gross National Happiness (Canan, 2017) and not in Gross Domestic Product.

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

  1. Canan, L. (2017). Bhutan: The World’s Happiest Country | One World Education, Inc. [online] Oneworldeducation.org. Available at: https://www.oneworldeducation.org/bhutan-worlds-happiest-country
  2. Danev, N. (2017). Positive and negative effects of urban development. [online] Available at: http://peopleof.oureverydaylife.com/positive-negative-effects-urban-development-9619.html
  3. Mike, U. (2017). Negative Impacts of Technological Development. [online] HubPages. Available at: https://hubpages.com/education/Negative-Impacts-of-Technological-Development
  4. (2017). Positive and Negative impacts of Economic Growth. [online] Available at: https://www.ukessays.com/essays/economics/positive-and-negative-impacts-of-economic-growth-economics-essay.php
  5. Wood, P. (2017). What happens when a country strives for happiness — at any cost? [online] ABC News. Available at: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-06-23/bhutan-strives-for-happiness-but-at-what-cost/8633424
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Lets help each other up, personal gains later. Salman Nathani-M00611168-Dubai Campus

Inequality refers to the differential treatment of people based on their caste, color, race, income, religion or gender (Merriam-webster.com, 2017). In a global environment, people from different cultures and countries interact with each other. Some of the people feel that they are superior to others and often treat them with low or no respect. For example, black people are treated with less respect in some countries like the USA (Crossman, 2017).

Some people think that men are superior to women and that women cannot take the responsibility of the important jobs and unfortunately, the history of the world is the best example of inequality based on gender as in most countries, until the 20th century, women were not allowed to hold important job positions in the society as they were thought to be less knowledgeable than men (McCune, 2017).

The industrialization and capitalism have increased the differences between the people as some people have gained immense amounts of wealth while others are still finding it difficult of have shelter in bad weather. The increasing differences in wealth have led to discrimination based on income as the rich get access to most of the resources and the poor are denied access to certain resources. For example, certain restaurants may not allow people with inappropriate clothing to enter the place which is nothing but humiliation for the people who cannot afford expensive clothes.

When people work or interact with each other in a global environment, they come across people from different religions and not all religions are treated with same respect by everybody (Equalityhumanrights.com, 2017). For example, after the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, some people do not think that the Muslims deserve to be treated with respect as they are all terrorists, which is incorrect and also humiliating for the people of that religion. Inequality is one issue which can be adequately resolved if the people living in different economies take the responsibility and in case of inequality based on religion, the common people of the society can easily address the issue of they understand the gravity of the situation and decide to take the actions to prevent unfair treatment of certain people or religions.

Sustainable Development is one concept that has gained the attention of the masses and deals with the growth and development of the businesses and the countries while adequately catering to the needs of the people and the environment. It promotes ethical and equitable treatment of all the resources, including the human resources. Therefore, it can be said that Sustainable Development is an aspect that, if implemented effectively and efficiently, can improve the condition of the people from different sections of the society and address the issue of inequality (United Nations Sustainable Development, 2017).

Some businesses now, not only aim to generate higher revenues or profits but also aim to support the society and the environment. They respect all the stakeholders and the consumers and promote equitable treatment of all.

 

 

Bibliography

  1. Crossman, A. (2017). Learn About the Sociology of Social Inequality with This Overview. [online] ThoughtCo. Available at: https://www.thoughtco.com/sociology-of-social-inequality-3026287
  2. com. (2017). Religion or Belief discrimination | Equality and Human Rights Commission. [online] Available at: https://www.equalityhumanrights.com/en/advice-and-guidance/religion-or-belief-discrimination
  3. McCune, E. (2017). 10 Examples of Gender Inequality in the World – BORGEN. [online] BORGEN. Available at: http://www.borgenmagazine.com/10-examples-gender-inequality-world/ [Accessed 25 Aug. 2017].
  4. Merriam-webster.com. (2017). Definition of INEQUALITY. [online] Available at: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/inequality
  5. United Nations Sustainable Development. (2017). Reduce inequality within and among countries – United Nations Sustainable Development. [online] Available at: http://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/inequality/

Arent we to blame for it all ?? Salman Nathani-M00611168-Dubai Campus

The world has seen rapid growth and development over the last few centuries and the people have different cultures and nationalities have come together and started interacting with each other using different media. Businesses around the world are now not limited to a single state or a country but operate from several countries in order to make larger revenues and profits due to globalization (Kuepper, 2017).

Technology has brought about a situation where people are now closer than ever but still far from each other. It’s an era where some people are so poor that they cannot even feed their families and at the same time, there are people who do not even have time to think about the destitute.

Welcome to the age of Globalization, where one man’s fortune is another man’s misfortune, where some people sleep hungry while others waste food; some live in lavish villas while others sleep on the footpaths; some have the best jobs without adequate qualifications while some highly qualified professionals still remain unemployed and inequality is a routine activity.

The global economy is a boon or a bane, still remains a question unanswered. The growth and development across the countries has created huge differences between the people (S, 2017). The developed economies stay at the top of the table with maximum wealth and highest standards of living while the developing countries are struggling to prove that they are second to none and are good enough to compete with developed countries. But the global debate is about the issues facing the people and not the countries which are usually represented by the governments or the businessmen.

Everyone forgets about the underprivileged economies of some African, Asian or South American countries as the debate and competition between the developed and developing economies doesn’t come to a halt. The economies grow but the people suffer. Some call themselves rich but have poor hearts to have the least of sympathy for the weaker sections of the society.

The world is going through a phase where the limited resources of the planet are under the immense pressure from the population that is growing at a fast pace (Prb.org, 2017). The poverty percentages are high for many countries, despite the technological advancements, which claim that people now have better standards of living than ever before. Some countries have developed at the cost of other countries by exploiting their resources (Rinat, 2013), not only the natural resources but the most important ones – the Human Resources. Racism and inequality have become activities which one can see in almost all the domains.

The increasing population pressure on our available resources in increasing the unemployment and crime rates in several countries across the world (Pettinger, 2016). All these issues are important but the most important issue that must be addresses at the earliest is Poverty as it leads to not just poor health of the people but also promotes crimes and inequality in various parts of the world.

 

Bibliography

  1. Kuepper, J. (2017). Globalization and Its Impact on Economic Growth. [online] The Balance. Available at: https://www.thebalance.com/globalization-and-its-impact-on-economic-growth-1978843
  2. Pettinger, T. (2016). Examples of economic problems | Economics Help. [online] Economicshelp.org. Available at: http://www.economicshelp.org/blog/15276/economics/examples-of-economic-problems/
  3. org. (2017). Human Population: Population Growth. [online] Available at: http://www.prb.org/Publications/Lesson-Plans/HumanPopulation/PopulationGrowth.aspx
  4. Rinat, Z. (2013). Food for thought: How rich countries exploit the resources of poorer ones – and get away with it. [online] haaretz.com. Available at: http://www.haaretz.com/world-news/1.546450
  5. S, S. (2017). Difference between Developed Countries and Developing Countries (with Comparison Chart) – Key Differences. [online] Key Differences. Available at: http://keydifferences.com/difference-between-developed-countries-and-developing-countries.html

When the problem needs help solving itself, Poverty. Salman Nathani-M00611168-Dubai Campus

Poverty can be defined as a state in which people do not have adequate resources to take care of their basic needs like food, shelter and healthcare (Merriam-webster.com, 2017). Poverty in an economy reflects the inability of the economy to cater to the basic needs of the people and there are several factors that are responsible for it. The increasing difference between the rich and the poor, political instability and discrimination and inequality are some of the factors that lead to poverty (The Borgen Project, 2017). The ever increasing population makes the conditions worse (Conserve Energy Future, 2017).

There are several countries around the world that try to address the issue of poverty by defining a certain level of income, below which the people can be called poor, and they call it the poverty level of income. The people earning lower than this amount are said to be living below the poverty line while those earning more than this level are said to living above the poverty line. But, by living just above the poverty line, people cannot meet the important needs of their families like healthcare, higher education and personal growth. If a member of the family falls sick, even the people living just above the poverty line struggle to survive as it becomes difficult for them to decide whether to provide adequate healthcare and medical attention to one member of the family or to feed the other members of the family (Who.int, 2017).

The governments of a few countries have taken certain measures to support the people living below the poverty line or just above it by providing them with resources at subsidized prices. Some countries provide the people with nutritious food at very low prices so that nobody sleeps hungry but these measures have failed in many economies due to corruption and poor strategic planning. The governments also try to generate jobs for the people and promote primary and secondary education for children to control the situation in the future but poverty is one issue that needs the attention of the authorities today as it is the reason for most of the crimes that we observe today.

Dealing with poverty is not just the responsibility of the government. Every person should contribute his bit to the economy by supporting the underprivileged classes, for example, sponsoring the education of some children from the less privileged families, donating medicines or clothes. Poverty is a problem that has been created by the people of different sections of the society and therefore, it is the responsibility of the people to deal with this issue.

Generation of job opportunities and providing quality education to the children can help them become self-sufficient in the future. The governments of the countries need to make effective plans and strategies to fight the situation and then implement these plans in order to improve the standards of living of those living below the poverty line and Sustainable Development can help the cause (Ilo.org, 2017).

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bibliography

  1. Conserve Energy Future. (2017). Overpopulation: Causes, Effects and Solutions – Conserve Energy Future. [online] Available at: http://www.conserve-energy-future.com/causes-effects-solutions-of-overpopulation.php
  2. org. (2017). Poverty. [online] Available at: http://www.ilo.org/global/topics/poverty/lang–en/index.htm
  3. Merriam-webster.com. (2017). Definition of POVERTY. [online] Available at: https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/poverty
  4. The Borgen Project. (2017). What are the Causes of Poverty? – The Borgen Project. [online] Available at: https://borgenproject.org/what-causes-global-poverty/
  5. Who.int. (2017). WHO | Poverty. [online] Available at: http://who.int/topics/poverty/en/

Technology is not just progress, its a limit. Salman Nathani-M00611168-Dubai Campus

A few decades ago, most of the people across the globe were not aware about the technologies but today, technology has reached a stage where people cannot ignore it. The people have not only started using the latest technology but have also become dependent on them (Ramey, 2012). They can now interact with each other even when they are sitting thousands of miles away from each other. The businesses can operate with ease as the market research process has become simple as all the information about the different markets and countries are available in a matter of minutes (Parker, 2015).

If a businessman living in London wants to expand his business to New York, he doesn’t have to visit the country to research about the political, economic, social, environmental, cultural or technological factors. He can simply use the internet to search for the information or directly contact some sitting in New York to get the relevant information. The world has become a small place, thanks to technology, but has it become a little too small?

The governments and other authorities can now track people at will and that is a big safety concern (Police Technology, 2017). Technological advancements aren’t always useful and can be misused by certain people. The human beings are not criminals that need to be tracked and the technological advancements have created a negative effect on the society and the trust of people on certain authorities is now deteriorating. It is important that the technology is used in the right manner and only to support mankind, not to interfere with their personal lives or to threaten their personal security (Shameem, 2016). Surveillance should be limited to the situations that are serious and threatening and not for general purpose or activities.

The people have become so heavily dependent on technology that they cannot live without their televisions or smart phones. Internet has become a necessity and even children have started using social media platforms like Facebook or Twitter. Technology has become an addiction and people can be found wasting their time on their smartphones or the laptops (Walton, 2017).

The result is not just negative for the individuals but also for the society and the economy. These activities make the employees in the organizations less productive as they find it difficult to concentrate on their work. If such an environment prevails in the important federal government jobs and duties, the society and the countries might be at a huge risk.

Some people are more interested in making friends online as they can hide their identities and talk whatever they feel like as there is hardly any probability of meeting those people. This kind of an environment has a negative effect on the health of people as they slowly move away from the real society and enter an area where everything is fake, even the identities of people. Technological advancements are therefore important, but must be controlled so that they do not have a negative impact on the society and its people.

 

Bibliography

  1. Parker, C. (2015). [online] Available at: https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/advancement-new-technology-positive-negative-colette-parker
  2. Police Technology. (2017). The Positive and Negative effects of Technology in Law Enforcement. [online] Available at: https://policetechnology.wordpress.com/the-postive-and-negative-effects-of-technology-in-law-enforcement/
  3. Ramey, K. (2012). Technological Advancements and Their Effects on Humanity – Use of Technology. [online] Use of Technology. Available at: https://www.useoftechnology.com/technological-advancements-effects-humanity/
  4. Shameem (2016). Technology Advancement And Its Effect On The Current Lifestyle. [online] Techclickr. Available at: http://www.techclickr.com/technology-advancement-and-its-effect-on-the-current-lifestyle
  5. Walton, A. (2017). Forbes Welcome. [online] Forbes.com. Available at: https://www.forbes.com/sites/alicegwalton/2017/06/30/a-run-down-of-social-medias-effects-on-our-mental-health/

What to do with Unemployment – Salman Nathani(M00611168)- Dubai Campus

The global world has seen several major issues like poverty and inequality but the reason for this is unemployment. A person commits a crime when he does not have enough resources and fails to take care of the needs of his family. How can an unemployed person take care of his daily needs, by committing crime, by killing people or by theft? Unemployment is the major cause of poverty and is defined as a situation in which a person does not have a paying job that helps him support his daily needs like food and healthcare (Boundless, 2017). The probability of an unemployed person committing a crime is far higher than the probability of an employed person committing a crime.

The major factors that lead to unemployment are increasing population, specialized jobs and technological advancements (Economicsonline.co.uk, 2017). The increasing population not just burdens the limited resources available with the human beings but also leads to unemployment. Just like the natural resources on this planet, the jobs are limited and with an increasing population, those jobs will not increase.

This means that some part of the population will remain unemployed in case the job requirements do not match the population level. The governments and the people should be aware about the situation and promote adequate population control measures like family planning.

Some people remain unemployed due to technological advancements (Reddy, 2017). With the improvements in technology, people and organizations have started depending on machines as they can complete the jobs with higher accuracy and at a much faster rate. This means that the work that was earlier being done by the human beings is now being done by the machines. People are required to run the machines, but overall number of jobs still decreases, leading to loss of jobs in certain sectors like manufacturing and banking and financial services.

Some technical jobs require highly skilled employees and the number of such employees is limited (Amadeo, 2017). There are also cases where people do not get the jobs as per their qualifications and prefer to stay unemployed as compared to doing survival jobs, contributing to unemployment.

The governments should take adequate measures to keep the unemployment rate under control and should try to create maximum jobs (Addington, 2017). There are always opportunities for people to grow and a person who starts from the bottom level and grow with the help of his efforts and reach a higher designation or job level in the future. The unemployment rates across the world can be addressed with the support of the governments and non-profit organizations.

Nothing is impossible and if the people are determined enough to remove an issue from the society and the economy, they will definitely succeed and create a better society in the future that is happy and self-sufficient.

There are several global political economic issues that the societies are facing today and every person, from every religion, caste, income group or country should make his contribution to make this world a better place for living, a place where everyone is happy and nobody sleeps hungry, a place where no child dies because his family could not afford healthcare and a place where no qualified person remains jobless because there are no jobs in the market.

 

Bibliography

  1. Addington, D. (2017). Government’s Proper Role in Creating Jobs: Top Five Actions to Take. [online] The Heritage Foundation. Available at: http://www.heritage.org/jobs-and-labor/report/governments-proper-role-creating-jobs-top-five-actions-take
  2. Amadeo, K. (2017). 9 Types of Unemployment: Which Is the Worst?. [online] The Balance. Available at: https://www.thebalance.com/types-of-unemployment-3305522
  3. (2017). Defining Unemployment. [online] Available at: https://www.boundless.com/economics/textbooks/boundless-economics-textbook/unemployment-22/introduction-to-unemployment-102/defining-unemployment-388-12485/
  4. co.uk. (2017). Unemployment types. [online] Available at: http://www.economicsonline.co.uk/Managing_the_economy/Unemployment_types_and_causes.html
  5. Reddy, C. (2017). What is Unemployment? Its Main Causes, Effects and Solutions – WiseStep. [online] WiseStep. Available at: https://content.wisestep.com/unemployment-causes-effects-solutions