There are many gaps in international human rights laws; especially on subjects that were unmentionable in the epoch of 1948, when the international human rights laws were being initially adopted.The topic Of Sexual rights for both genders while is seemingly mundane for contemporary society would have been considered unethical and too scandalous for politicians to explore.By lacking space to discuss sexuality, unsafe abortion, denial of HIV treatment, and a range of acts of “culturally-justified violence against women”(McVeigh, 2016) have normalised its presence in the world.However, in modern society, while no such barriers exist for raising the discussions as it did back then, the same issues and preexisting violations of sexual rights still have yet to be adequately overcome by the international community.Being approached most recently in today’s society are policies in which prevent and protect which such infringements and violations on the rights of the individuals concerned but strong opposition has the advantageous position.

Recognising and the direct relation between religious fundamentalist communities with overbearing patriarchy and the engaging of violations against sexual rights typically set the unofficial lines in which states are not willing to call out upon for reform and criminalising regressive behaviours. Most religions across the world in fundamentalist contexts see women’s bodies as carriers of cultural integrity and often become the territory ground for disputes in religious and political control(Shameeem, 2016).In the case of women specifically around the world, the foundation for their perceived value to a  traditionalist community primarily lies in their reproductive capacity but only legitimised under the regulation of families, religious institutions, and governmental authorities and not through the will of the individual(Shameeem, 2016).

Most religions across the world in fundamentalist contexts see women’s bodies as vessels of cultural integrity and often become the territory ground for disputes in religious and political control(Shameeem, 2016).In the case of women specifically around the world, the foundation for their perceived value to a  traditionalist community primarily lies in their reproductive capacity but only is legitimised under the regulation of families, religious institutions, and governmental authorities and not through the will of the individual(Anon,2016).

Religious fundamentalist belief or domination in politics is also one of the dangerously more degrading sides of the patriarchy for women around the world. Women of an unmarried or single status can be denied access to sexual and reproductive health services and can suffer verbal classifications by religious authorities as well as marginalisation from society. Where contraception and Abortion are restricted and criminalised in the world it unwilling forces women to resort to unsafe and illegal methods of abortion, posing a significant risk to their lives and health. Anna Rocca, a 32-year-old woman from Tennessee, reverted to such a method when she was denied the help of any health services or contraception attempted to abort the 24-week pregnancy with a coat hanger, subsequently leading to her incarceration for First-degree murder(Huaser,2016).

 

State legislative authorities failing to address sexual violations not recognised by Religous fundamental and conservative communities on women allow the systematic and continuous abuse of the justice system. The horrifying truths like the cases of marital rape in the United States, female genital mutilation and circumcision in the tribes of East Africa, honour killings amongst the cities of Pakistan and living in the terror of mass rapes in Congo ,provides the crystal clear picture that policy makers and states have failed vulnerable women across the world.

Even world organisations such as the UN (United Nations) have similar histories in ignoring pleas for intervention and prevention of sexual assault due to external pressure(Hilsum,2010).In the Democratic Republic of Congo 6 years ago, the UN civil affairs bureau in Walikale was investigated for directly ignoring appeals from the village for protection just days before an upsetting number of 240 villagers were raped by rebel forces.A sickening age range from a month-old baby boy to an 110-year-old woman was raped in that particular attack(Smith,2010).

congo-rebels-accused-of-m-007fig.Recovering victim of mass rapings by rebel forces in the Democratic Republic of Congo.

Now the after the initial shock, the hangover reality of Donald Trump’s win has finally set in;   just contemplating the ramifications of his presidency for women and the LGBT community is enough to cause any liberal Democrat to develop real hangover symptoms.” Whatever his personal opinion may be, his appointees and their actions could put reproductive health care out of reach for millions of women, especially those living in poverty”.(New York Times,2016)The Board of the New York times commented as such to reference the president elects lack of experience and opinion in reproductive and sexual rights but his taking his position on the matter from the newly appointed guiding figures surrounding him. Mike Pence’s record, however, can be described as destructively favourable to the borderline of even saying its successful extremism for the anti-choice movement. In fact, His “achievements” in this fields are listed as followed: deny abortion coverage in health insurance exchanges,  attempt to defund embryonic stem cell research and successfully defund Planned Parenthood in his state which consequently leads to clinic closures and an HIV outbreak(Cader,2016 ). Remarkable, simply, utterly and despicably remarkable.

The confirmed future attorney general, Jeff Sessions reaffirms the suspicions that the action plan from the Trump administration will be the abandoning of abortion providers with little to no protection from anti-abortion extremists threats to both doctor and patients. Predictably with the closure of clinics the prohibition to access treatment and services since they are so-called ‘sinners’ and possess low moral standards, many living with HIV and AIDS will suffer dramatically(Flory,2016).Moreover, sexuality could be considered as taboo and scandalous once again, taking away the opportunity for positive dialogues on sexual and reproductive health and rights issues to make its way back into policy.

  Policy makers, enforcers, observers; Human rights laws should define the borders that distinguish instances in which human dignity is threatened or violated, circumstances of depriving a person or people of their dignity are no longer acceptable regardless of religious affiliation and gender.

Let this toxic version of patriarchy wither away along with sexual and reproductive intolerance.Following the example of his holiness the Pope Francis who redefined the boundaries of what can be forgiven, with the simple grant of extending priests throughout the world the right to grant absolution for abortion. He has magnificently disowned the whole process institutional injustice against sexual rights(Stack,2016)

“promote a culture of mercy based on the rediscovery of an encounter with others, a culture in which no one looks at another with indifference or turns away from the suffering of our brothers and sisters.”(Pope Francis,2015)

The correct implementation against disparities and gaps exists when the rights are wholly translated into national law and practice not well-meaning intentions.

“Pope Francis delineates the path of the future life of the church so that it can always be an instrument of mercy toward everyone, without ever excluding anyone,”( Archbishop Fisichella,2016)

Lack of political will to start or maintain the necessary procedures is now the responsibility of social society; excuses such as conscious or unconscious prioritisation of the fragment issues; or a lack of technical understanding in how to implement procedures to fulfil obligations are completely accountable in the hands of everyone equally.Redefine the definition of the issue together, the significance of sexual rights and injustices, stigmas of women and sexual minorities.let us redefine them all together .politcal activism is the answer.

Georgia Rebecca mae massey (Dubai Campus)

Bibliography

Anon, (2016). Protection Gaps in Sexual Rights: Taking an Intersectional Approach and Perspective. [online] Available at: https://www.awid.org/sites/default/files/atoms/files/protection_gaps_in_sexual_rights_-_awid_presentation_at_hrc30.pdf [Accessed 16 Dec. 2016].

Board, T. (2016). Protecting Reproductive Rights Under Donald Trump. [online] Nytimes.com. Available at: http://www.nytimes.com/2016/12/07/opinion/protecting-reproductive-rights-under-donald-trump.html [Accessed 15 Dec. 2016].

Flory, T. (2016). What does a Trump presidency mean for reproductive rights?. [online] Theweek.com. Available at: http://theweek.com/articles/661152/what-does-trump-presidency-mean-reproductive-rights [Accessed 15 Dec. 2016].

hilsum, l. (2016). Congo women relive terror of mass rape: ‘This is our cry for help’. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/oct/12/congo-unitednations [Accessed 15 Dec. 2016].

May28.org. (2016). Linkages between Religious Fundamentalism and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights in the Global South | May 28. [online] Available at: http://www.may28.org/linkages-between-religious-fundamentalism-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-and-rights-in-the-global-south/ [Accessed 15 Dec. 2016].

McVeigh, K. (2016). US aid for women’s sexual health worldwide under threat. [online] the Guardian. Available at: https://www.theguardian.com/global-development/2016/nov/12/us-aid-women-sexual-health-worldwide-could-be-cut-drastically-under-trump [Accessed 16 Dec. 2016].

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