For most parents in the west, it would be inconceivable to raise children in the modern world without adequately protecting your child from infectious and deadly diseases through the use of vaccines. However, the devastating and heartbreaking reality for developing countries overseas is the spine-chilling statistic that around the world every 20 seconds a child dies from a disease preventable via immunisation (Savold,2016).

Low-income families across the developing world pray daily that primary killers such as diseases like Pneumonia, Diarrhoea, Malaria, Measles and HIV/AIDS  miraculously leave their child untouched.Unfortunately for most children living in poverty, even below the poverty line tragically do not make it past their infancy(World Health Organization). Not having access to routine immunisation and steady diets not only facilitates circumstances that allow pathogens to infect the child but to thrive; also raising the likeliness of a transmissible outbreak to other children especially amongst susceptible populations of deprived poverty (salvoed,2016).

Moderate successes such as the rescindment of smallpox and the elimination of poliomyelitis in most parts of the world played significant roles in developing of immunisation programs(Mahmoud,2004). However, according to results published by UNICEF, the rate of vulnerable children globally reaches to about 30 million children every year and similarly in countries such a Pakistan: Pneumonia claims the lives 92,000 children yearly(Morales,2015).

A writer by the name Adel Mahmoud strongly criticises that “annual immunisation programs needs approximately two decades of continuous application to reach their full impact. The outcome of immunisation programs that do not meet both of these criteria is at best marginal”

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.These alarming concerns are due to the systematic failure of immunisation programs struggling to overcome the process of storage and delivery in countries limited by scarce resources(World health Organisation).  Albeit Long distances in extreme conditions is not an uncommon challenge for transportation. However, the necessary development in vaccine formulation for longer lasting shelf lives carries an even greater obstacle with astronomical production costs and meagre funding.( Desai,  Kama,2014)

Regarding  Physical challenges such as political instability, conflict, economic uncertainty and stigmatism against vaccination in local communities also contributes to the strategic issues against closing the immunisation gap (Savold,2016).  Immunisation programs could infinitely benefit from utilising the benefits modern technologies( Desai,  Kama,2014).

If the International community can even dream of closing the gap it will require and significantly increased effort to expanding the immunisation program of the World Health Organization and other Non-governmental organisations such as UNICEF  and the United Nations. Requiring billions of dollars in funding over two decades, as well as beginning the systematic introduction of revolutionary and newer vaccines.where by the institutions and states can reach the highest levels of commitment to a standardised and permanent immunisation plan or face the continuous overwhelming reality of unnecessary high child mortality rates.

by Georgia Rebecca Mae Massey

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References

Fiffeild, A. (2016). Want to Close the Immunization Gap? Summon the Spirit of Jim Grant. [online] The Huffington Post. Available at: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/adam-fifield/want-to-close-the-immuniz_b_9420882.html [Accessed 12 Dec. 2016].

Mahmoud, A. (2016). The Global Vaccination Gap. [online] Available at: http://science.sciencemag.org/content/305/5681/147 [Accessed 11 Dec. 2016].

Morales, J. (2016). Pneumonia Claims 92,000 Children’s Lives in Pakistan Yearly – Health Aim. [online] Health Aim. Available at: http://www.healthaim.com/pneumonia-claims-92000-childrens-lives-pakistan-yearly/32205 [Accessed 11 Dec. 2016].

Savold, J. (2016). Closing the Immunization Gap: It’s Time to Reach the Fifth Child. [online] Team Vaccine. Available at: https://teamvaccine.com/2016/04/27/closing-the-immunization-gap-its-time-to-reach-the-fifth-child/ [Accessed 11 Dec. 2016].

Who.int. (2016). Cite a Website – Cite This For Me. [online] Available at: http://www.who.int/immunization/documents/general/WHO_Mission_VIsion_Immunization_Vaccines_2015_2030.pdf?ua=1 [Accessed 11 Dec. 2016].

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