It has been a long time since it is said that it is the globalised world. People often say the word “Globalisation”. However, do we really know about the meaning of this word? What is globalization?
Firstly, we need to define the word “globalization”. If I consult a dictionary for the meaning of the word. It says “the fact that different cultures and economic systems around the world are becoming connected and similar to each other because of the influences of improved communication” Dictionary (Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary, 2010) In this definition, “improved communication” undoubtedly means the internet. Also, development of transportation such as trains, ships and remarkably airplanes has made it easier for people to bring to other places. Because of them, now people can easily connect with other people in different parts of the world, also which has a lot of either negative and positive impacts on our daily lives.
Globalization may give us a lot of positive things. What people can get because of globalization is, as mentioned in the definition in the dictionary, that people who have different ideas, thoughts and backgrounds based on their own culture can easily communicate with people totally different from them, which can make it possible that people find new things.
However, on the other hand, globalization has some negative aspects as well. Globalization realized free movement of people and things around the world, which can be causes of some conflicts between either states and races. Especially, immigration problems are often discussed recently. According to a research, the percentage of people living in London born overseas is over 60%. (The Telegraph, 2016) The problem is that people from other countries dominate a labour market, especially low paying jobs, which drives people originally live in the country to lose their job. In other words, people have to compete with more people than ever. Also, immigrants may put the pressure on the economy because they can take some money from the government as social welfare.
Now because of things mentioned above, people might have some negative feelings about immigrant, which can be causes of nationalistic ideas. We can see the tendency on two superpowers. One is the UK. The country has decided to leave the EU by the referendum held in June, 2016. This result is partly because there are many people who want to prevent immigrants from entering the UK because as long as the UK is a part of the EU, they should take people over the countries that belong to the EU. The other is the US. By the election held on 8th, November, Donald Trump has been elected as a new president. The reason why he could win the election is because mostly his policy is to seal the borders between the US and other countries to protect their own economy and many American citizens sympathized his policy.
In the last few decades, the world has been more and more globalized, which has brought both positive and negative impacts on many countries all over the world. In the more borderless world, some people can take advantages of globalization, whilst other people want borders more than ever and independence from others to protect themselves. This tendency could be more remarkable as the gap between classes and countries are expanding. No one can clearly say globalization is either good or bad, but people should know nationalistic ideas could be stronger as the reaction to globalization, which can produce new conflicts.
By Rita Furutani
・The Telegraph, David Barrett, “The London boroughs where more than half the population was born overseas” (4th January 2016)http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/uknews/immigration/12081394/The-London-boroughs-where-more-than-half-the-population-was-born-overseas.html (accessed 1st December)
・The Huffington post, Salman Sakir, “Globalization Is Only a Good Thing If It Benefits All Groups of Society” (15th December, 2014) http://www.huffingtonpost.ca/salman-sakir/globalization_b_5992002.html (accessed 1st December)
・Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary 8th edition, Oxford University Press 2010
・東洋経済オンライン, イアン・ブルマ, “世界は､｢超格差社会｣の矛盾に震えている”( 11th November 2015) http://toyokeizai.net/articles/-/57308?page=2 (accessed 1st December)