It’s 2019, and United States of America looks hopeless. Donald Trump became President of one of the historic great powers and cornerstone of international relations after the elections held on November 2016.
In the 19th century a doctrine emerge that justifies and support the expansion of the United States through the American continent; the manifest destiny. This idea enhances the fact that the United States has always figured as a hegemonic power and a fundamental actor in the political, economic and social dynamics of the entire world. It possesses, different important characteristics such as vast territory, strategic location, large natural resources, human capital, technological advances, military power, developed industry, and soft power.
Nevertheless, as the world scenario changes and the geopolitics reconfigures, the struggle for hegemonic power has extended in a world with emergent new actors like China and India. In this way, uncommon phenomena occurred. The international relations of the 21th century fluctuate between two tendencies: on the one hand, a liberal view of a cosmopolitan world with freedoms and extended rights in which borders are removed towards universal citizenship, no matter religion, language, ethnicity; and, on the other hand, a realist perspective based on an inevitable civilization clash with the Middle East and Asia. A return to nationalism, the creation of discriminating laws, close borders, and, reinforcement of military power and nuclear proliferation in order to retrieve an unipolar world of a unique hegemonic power.
Regrettably, after the elections held on November 2016, the United States of America elected the second tendency. All that we feared is happening. In the months that followed the elections, the country faced very small changes due to the opposition with the Congress and after new terrorist attacks, the prospect turned critical. As Donald Trump presented in his campaign, he successfully increased the size of the Army to 540 000 active duty soldiers, he invested in rebuild the navy toward 350 ships and 36 battalions, he provided with newer and modern fight aircraft, and announced nuclear proliferation in alliance with Israel to destroy ISIS and its allies. But as if this wasn’t enough he also invested on a serious missile defense system. (Donald J. Trump for President, Inc, 2015)
It all started with small things, he decided to take out the UN founding and enforcing his place in the NATO, allocating billions of dollars to weapons. Donald Trump, faced the world opinion and justified his actions positioning a nationalist message for a survival strategy. His aim was to combat the common enemies of the western countries
with which the confrontation was inevitable. For instance, Palestine, Syria, Iraq. Trump, exacerbated the ideas of realist thinkers such as Hans Morgenthau and John Herz. Those thinkers held that war will not only show power to other nations but it will bring new resources and interest for the country.
“The Nations of the World would turn against each other […] in their ensuing competition for power. Nationalities inevitably became competing units after having abandoned their state of innocence and established themselves as nation- states.” (Herz, 1950)
It is also important to explain that after the different attacks made by ISIS, The United States made clear that this terrorist group needed to be dismantled. Their approach was aggressive. In June 2018, the US firmly declared the war to Iraq and Syria holding them accountable for all the attacks and the help that they provide to ISIS for the different attacks in Europe and in the United States.
“ISIS is making a tremendous amount of money because of the oil that they took away, they have some in Syria, they have some in Iraq, I would bomb the shit out of them. I would just bomb those suckers, and that’s right, I’d blow up the pipes, I’d blow up the refineries, I’d blow up every single inch, there would be nothing left.” (Trump, 2015 )
The focus of the government started to change drastically, social progress, environment, health, welfare wasn’t important anymore and all the improvements made by the government of Obama where frost. The international relations witnessed a replicated scenario where colonization, dictatorships, civil wars, genocides and wars where at the top of the agenda.
The United States of America looks hopeless, far from reaching offers of success made by Donald Trump years ago, United States lost its protagonist role that historically has played in geopolitics. The world is chaotic, there is an extended crisis, the financial markets are collapsing, hegemonic forces are reconfiguring leaded by new emerging actors like China and India.
The spread of Donald Trump ideas represent a step backwards in the global history of development.In which individualism and egoism undermine the harmonic coexistence of international cooperation among nations, demonstrating a negative concept of human nature. Thomas Hobbes in The Leviathan, explain this phenomena as a state of “war of all against all”. “Man is wolf to man”, due to its predatory, cruel, inhuman and uncivilized behavior.
By Anna Norata
-Donald J. Trump for President, Inc. (2015). National Defense. Retrieved 10 23, 2016, from Inc: https://www.donaldjtrump.com/policies/national-defense/
-Herz, J. H. (1950). Idealist Internationalism and the Security Dilemma. World Politics, 2(2), 157-180.
-Morgenthau, H. (1967). To Intervene or not to Intervene . Journal of Foreign Affaires Vol 45 N3 .
-Morgenthau, H., & Thompson, K. (1985). Politics Among Nation. New York: McGraw-Hill.
-Trump, D. (2015, November 13). Real Clear Politics . Retrieved October 25, 2016, from VIDEO Trump Speech ISIS Plan: http://www.realclearpolitics.com/video/2015/11/13/trumps_updated_isis_plan_bomb_the_shit_out_of_them_send_exxon_in_to_rebuild.html
-Trump, D. (2016, August 15). Youtube. Retrieved October 25, 2016, from Donald Trump Speech on Security: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c-KKX7nmNZ4