The world is changing so fast and this can be seen by the rise of sea levels, flooding, draught, CO2 emissions and the melting of the glaciers(Macalister, 2015). What we as a people going to do about it and what actions are we going to take?

We as a people need to address our social norms by reducing energy consumptions, cut down on driving, plant more trees, and encourage corporations to cut down on the use of green houses and the use of coal which releases CO2 and contributes to acid rain.

It will be a wakeup call when the world runs out of land to grow their crops and this will create an international conflict. A strong legal frame work is required in order for the people to be motivated to contribute to self- control of the environment. We need a long term approach to curb carbon emissions and reduce deforestation which has increased or contributed to the change in the weather pattern which has contributed to hurricanes and flooding.

The Paris Climate Change Conference (COP21), which starts from 30th November to 11th of December 2015 190 nations, will gather to discuss a new global agreement. Spear and her colleagues at the Paris Climate Change Conference to “will be working to forge and sign a new agreement that will ensure meaningful action on climate change” (Spear, S./EcoWatch)

Environmental campaigner George Monbiot has criticised the famers for causing the floods in Cumbria by not doing enough through using the safe farming methods. In the article for the Guardian, Mr Monbiot suggested that rivers “that have been dredged and canalised to protect farmland rush the water instead into the nearest town.” (Isbel Davies, Tuesday 8 December 2015)

Changes affect 70 percent of the world’s poor who live in rural areas and are reliant on agriculture as their source of income, livelihood and employment.   “Food security will be affected: A 2014 report ( published by the intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimates that climate change will reduce the production of staple food crops such as rice, wheat and corn by 50 percent in some parts of the world by 2050” (Politzer, M. 2015) .

Governments have an important role to play in protecting its’ citizens and keeping them safe and they have to work with NGOs, local communities, and private sectors simultaneously in order to tackle climate change issues.

NGOs, such as Greenpeace, play an important role in International Relations. “NGOs are also primary actors at the grassroots level in mobilizing individuals to act. For example, during the 1990 meeting to revise the 1987 Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer, NGOs criticized the UN Environment Program Secretary-general, Mostafa Tolba for not advocating more stringent regulations on ozone-destroying chemicals. Friends of the Earth International, Greenpeace International and the Natural Resources Defence Council held press conferences and circulated brochures to the public, media, and officials complaining of the weak regulations” (Mingst, K. A, Arreguin-Toft, I. M. 2014 Essentials of International Relations, 6th Edition pp.235-236).

As individuals, we need to do more by changing approaches to farming that are slower and are much more beneficial long-term and also by monitoring what is effective on the ground. We should treat climate change seriously rather than a distant problem of the future. Let’s provide cleaner air for our future generation by cutting pollution by 2% as it will help them live a cleaner and healthier life.



Davies, I. (2015) “Farmers hit back at George Monbiot flood claims”, on Farmers Weekly by Reed Business Information Limited, available at <Accessed on 9/12/2015>

Macalister. T, (2015) “Major energy U-turn needed to meet Paris targets, government warned” on The Guardian, available at <Accessed on 9/12/2015>

Mingst, K. and Arreguin-Toft, I. (2014) Essentials of International Relations, W. W. Norton and Company: New York, pp. 235-236.

Politzer, M. (2015) “Resilient livelihood strategies in the face of climate change: What works and what doesn’t”, in Devex ,  available at <Accessed on 9/12/2015>

Spear, S. and EcoWatch (2015) Bernie Sanders: “Climate Change Is Directly Related to the Growth of Terrorism”, from Alternet, available at <Accessed on 9/12/2015>




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