The definition of what development is or requires cannot be defined on a particular definition as Gertzl says “there is no consensus as to what development means or requires” (Global political economy. P. 221).
Most people who are from or have originally came from any of the developing countries will easily tell you they want their countries to be prospering and developing until they reach a point where poverty and war crimes are eradicated. So today, we see many of the developing countries experiencing some levels of “development” economically in the hopes of following the routes of countries such as China who have recently became a major world power economically. However, when I look at the routes some countries are currently following I see hopes without long term strategies. The reason for this is that some developing countries lack a complete control of how they want “development” in their own countries to go about; the problems with the international development is that they do not understand that in order for development, income class equality to be achieved, getting rid of poverty must be the most significant aim, there are many ways which that can be done.
I have always been critical of how the international development works but I have never seen any of people who work for them coming forward to admit that it does not work until I read a blog posted by Michael Hobbes who worked at international development w
ho admits that although it can work it just does not work and that they have been unsuccessful of achieving their Millennium development goals. Around one billion people are still living on less than $1.25 a day – the World Bank measure of poverty – and some 800 million people don’t have enough to eat. So isn’t it time rethink the current policy on poverty reduction. Current approaches are based on macroeconomic policies and development goals aimed directly to the poor and we have seen that they don’t work especially countries in African and Latin America.
We must understand poverty and the causes of it and only the people of the land will be able to understand that because they are living there and they must do anything to get rid of that. So a fight to reduce poverty must be the number one agenda of
any development work because that would create employment and that will create better living standards in both rural and urban areas; however to do so, conflicts will have to be stopped and again this cannot be done by outsiders because they just don’t understand not matter how much knowledge they have; it will just make things worse.
I read a blog post written by George Monbiot he explains the importance of protecting national trade and I more or less agreed with his analysis. When a country is in control of their economy it enables plans them to put proper plans in place and provide protectionism for private business in order to create job opportunities and invest in public sectors. He talked about how the majority of developed countries have got to where they are today as a result of careful planning with good protectionism from their own government.
The type of development that we have witnessed has only done more damages than good; the gap between the rich and the poor seem to be increasing, drilling machines, pollution out of cars and factories are certainly not helping the cleanliness of the environment. If we are to achieve great development or eradicate poverty equal treatment and protectionism to both humanity and the environment is essentially required.
Robert O’Brien, 2013. Global Political Economy: Evolution and Dynamics. Fourth Edition, New edition Edition. Palgrave Macmillan.