Poverty is a global issue which is still experienced by a big fraction of people across the globe. In other words they lack the basic human needs like, water, food, clothing, shelter, sanitation, health care and education. There are mainly two types of poverty, namely; relative poverty and absolute poverty. The concept of poverty therefore goes beyond a reasonable doubt because it demands various judgements. According to International Labour Organization ( 2008), world leaders agreed in 2000, to devise means of reducing in half the number of people living on less than a dollar a day by 2015. However reports confirm some success of this structural plan and poverty levels are getting minimised by the day.
However the causes of poverty are known to human kind and the effects of poverty are unbelievable. People all over the world suffer, hunger, malnutrition diseases like kwashikor, marasmus, Ebola due to poor sanitation. No one is bothered to bridge the gap between the rich and the poor. In fact the gap widens by the day and this is caused by poor governance and lack of responsibility. violence and crime will surface at a later stage if the levels of inequality are not dealt with. Causes of Poverty Article, Anup (2014).
Undeniably speaking, the poverty cycle is inevitable in some circumstances because the working poor in 2005 only lived on $1.25 per day, However much they worked, they would not get out of poverty. This meant that, “In absence of social protection”, most poor adults had to work in order to survive, International Labour Organization ( 2008).
According to World Bank Report,(2009) poverty in rural areas is rampant and agricultural wage workers suffer the highest incidence of poverty due to seasonal unemployment periods and low wages. clearly people living in those conditions cannot escape the poverty cycle. Only global leaders can facilitate the eradication of poverty. for example unemployment is a big cause of poverty, This problem can only be sorted by the governments creating more jobs and educating people to a basic level, because nothing is more important than an adequate sustained level of investment in education if one is to pull through the cycles of poverty and under development. Angence,Francaise de Developpement and Development Research Network, ( 2003).
From a realistic point of view, poverty will eventually be tackled through education and development, although anti-poverty programmes will have more immediate priorities in the near future. United Nations Millennium Development goals have also helped to eradicate poverty through targeting to improve the human welfare and the human condition. Success has been reported that these structural plans have benefited people in so many different ways, but global leaders of poverty stricken countries have had lessons to learn while striving to eradicate poverty. Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, (2009).
Angence,Francaise de Developpement and Development Research Network, ( 2003). Poverty Inequality and Growth. Proceedings of the French Development Agency-European Development Research Network Conference, Paris
Anup, S (2014) Global Issues: Causes of Poverty, 28th September. 2014, http://www.globalissues.org/issue/2/causes-of-poverty.
Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs, (2009). The African Commission Report, Copenhagen: Ministry of Foreign Affairs
International Labour Organization ( 2008) Global Wage Report 2008/09 Minimum Wages and Collective Bargaining. Towards Coherence Policy
World bank, ( 2009 ) Crisis Hitting Hard in developing World. Press Release February 12th.
Clare Susan Senabulya