Class division creates increasingly difficult communicating worlds, separated from each other like a closed estate. Marx was right that class inequalities will lead to a lot of antagonism. He used to say that class consciousness is driven by organizational and political activity. It is possible thanks to the revolution and the overthrow of capitalism. Capitalist mode of production in Marx’s analysis produces wealth at one pole of poverty on the other (Van der Pijl K., 2009). Class formation is an ongoing historical process and refers to change over time in the class structure of society, including the rise of new class groups and the decline of old ones. (Robinson W., 2004).
Interestingly, the results of the British studies have distinguished in the UK seven classes. Group differ not only abundant, but also social and cultural activity status. Scientists, in addition to economic diversification, to take into account the cultural activity of the subjects and their social status. Thanks distinguished three variables: economic capital, cultural and social development. Different systems of capital resources decide to which class one belongs. How does the social ladder, according to researchers from the UK?
Elite – 6% of the population (The Guardian, 2013) most privileged group spacer other because of their wealth, but also the largest resource of other types of capital. Established middle Class – largest and only slightly less wealthy than the elite. Technical middle class – small class associated with the technical professions. Wealthy, but characterized by a small cultural activity and not very “sociable”. New affluent workers – a young, active socially and culturally class, which has an average amount of resources materialnych. Traditional working class – good old “working class”, not very nutritive in all three forms of capital, but not without some material support, including in the form of valuable property. Emergent service workers – a new, young, associated with class cities. The group includes people with low incomes, but considerable cultural and social capital. Proletariat -the poorest, most deprived class (BBC, 2013) precarious poorest, hardest and uncertain tomorrow excluded group of people with low levels of all three forms of capital.
Social classes are part of the modern world. Uneven economic development leads to their becoming clearer separation. It is a global perspective, unequal classes lead to inequalities between countries, which translates into the global economy. Is it possible to eliminate the inequalities of class? This is problematic question. We have entered an age in which the pursuit of wealth has become an obsession, a sense of superiority is the privilege of the elite.
By: Ewelina Gargala
Van der Pijl K. (2009) From Classical to Global Political Economy: A Survey of Global Political Economy [online]. University of Sussex: Centre for Global Political Economy. Available at: http://www.sussex.ac.uk/ir/documents/091theories.pdf. [Accessed 16 October 2014].
William I. Robinson (2004). Global Class Formation and the Rise of a Transnational Capitalist Class in: A Theory of Global Capitalism: Production, Class and State in a Transnational World, Johns Hopkins University Press, pp. 33-84.
Jones S. (2013), Great British Class Survey finds seven social classes in UK, The Guardian. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/society/2013/apr/03/great-british-class-survey-seven. [Accessed 4 December].