Death by starvation is slow… Is in the era of globalization, advanced technology and the entire prosperity of the capitalist world, the average person wonders how a problem have the 800 million people in the world? I do not think so. After all, the poverty line is popularly understand as being defined by money income required to avoid being hungry. (Kwame Sundram, 2013). What is more, the problem of hunger is directly related to the issue of poverty.
The Global Hunger Index in the world realizes the hidden dimension of hunger. More than two billion people in the world are undernourished, 800 million are starving. Two billion people suffer from chronic hunger, because their diet is too low in nutrients. The effects of this hidden malnutrition are equally lethal, as the effects of hunger. The World Hunger Map shows where people are particularly affected by food shortages and where there is the greatest need of intervention. The most dramatic situation is in Burundi and Eritrea (red), the highly industrialized countries are not included (gray). The biggest problem, however, is malnutrition in African countries south of the Sahara, where it affects more than 35% of the human population.
IFPRI experts compiled data from individual countries, regions and various UN agencies. Determinants are hidden hunger: the entire population of malnutrition, underweight among children and their mortality. It is worth to mentioning that the symbolism of hunger, however, has proven powerful throughout the ages. From famine in prehistoric times to the food riots in Latin America during the 1980s and early 1990s, hunger has been a potent social and political force (Escabor, 1995).
The head of the World Bank Jim Yong Kim opening the spring session of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund in Washington said that the goal is to eliminate extreme poverty by 2030. I have no doubt that the world could end extreme poverty within a generation, but this will be much harder than most people realize, but if the succeed, we will have accomplished one of humankind’s most historic accomplishments (Yong Kim, 2014).
It is not possible to completely eliminate hunger and what goes with it also poverty. Organizations that create development programs are not sufficiently effective. Momentary satisfaction of hunger in the region is not a solution to the problem, it’s just the slow spread of – complete elimination is not possible.
By: Ewelina Gargala
Escabor A., (1995). ‘The dispersion of power: tales of food and hunger’, Encountering Development: The Making and Unmaking of the Third world. Princeton University Press, pp. 102-153. [Accessed 20 November 2014].
Yong Kim J., (2013). Global Recovery, Poverty Reduction Dominate IMF – World Bank Meeting. International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, Briges News [online] 25 April. Available at: http://www.ictsd.org/bridges-news/bridges/news/global-recovery-poverty-reduction-dominate-imf-world-bank-meetings; [Accessed 20 November 2014].
Kwame Sundram J., (2013). ‘Poverty matters’, The Twin Challenges of Reducing Poverty and Creating Employment. United Nations, pp. 24. [Accessed 20 November 2014].