Every ambitious woman, who have plans for personal development, work in the biggest multinational corporations is aware of the problem of gender inequality. The question is, how many of us allow it to consciousness? We graduate study with honors, get our dream job, and on the way to full happiness appears rampant, invisible to the naked eye – glass ceiling. The issue of the glass ceiling is one of the biggest problems in the twenty-first century. This is a barrier that hinders women to take top positions in business, political and social life. It is transparent, exclusive and mysterious barrier that separates them from the top positions of power, influence and money.

Women, with the same qualifications, have lower earnings. If higher occupational status, the more money, the greater power and greater real impact – the less women. Basicly question – why? The problem is with the stereotypical perception of gender. Assigned social roles in the past have become an excuse to move away women aside. Definitely I see this as a global problem, transnational.

The variation in earnings between men and women is one of the biggest problems in the process of gender equality. With the map published on the website of the US magazine “Time”, we can see how big are the differences in the individual countries. Definite leaders in the unsattisfactory rankings are South Korea and Russia. Wages of women relative to men in these countries are respectively 37.5 and 32.1 percent smaller. But perhaps the most surprising is high, the seventh position in Germany. There women can count on only 79.2 percent wages, which in a similar position to earn mens.

Linda Lowen in her article Gender Wage Gap Statistic (2014), shows statistical data, saying that the percentage difference between a white woman and a white man is 19%, which is three times higher than the percentage difference between a black woman and a black man, where there differential reaches only 6.5%. Does race matter? This is proof that in the cultural circles of social roles of men and women are viewed differently.

The Global Gender Gap Report 2014 shows the 10 most gender-equal countries in the world. In the forefront were: Iceland, Finalnd, Norway. What is interesting, the latest report also shows that the UK has fallen from 18 to 26, what is the lowest score recorded since 2008 (The Guardian, 2014). Furthermore, in June, Facebook has released its first report on the cross-section of employees. The largest social network in the world as there is nothing to boast of, when it comes to equality among co-workers which shows the report in the form of pictures (2014).

How to mitigate the difference? Talk about them louder and louder, if necessary – to shout with all his might. The stereotype will change only when the society will be work for change in social roles, and this change will occur – if education will be introduced at the lowermost level of the school.

By: Ewelina Gargala

References:

John Harvard’s Journal (2013). Where the Women Aren’t. Harvard Magazine, [online] September-October. Available at: http://harvardmagazine.com/2013/09/where-the-women-aren-t [Accessed 10 November 2014].

Goodley S., (2014). UK gender gap continues to widen, World Economic Forum report. The Guardian, [online] 28 October. Available at: http://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/oct/27/uk-gender-gap-equality-world-economic-forum-report [Accessed 10 November 2014].  

Lowen L., (2014). Gender Wage Gap Statistics – Facts Reveal Women Earn Less Than Men. Available at:http://womensissues.about.com/od/GenderDiscrimination/a/Gender-Wage-Gap-Statistics-Facts-Reveal-Women-Earn-Less-Than-Men.htm [Accessed 10 November 2014].  

Kottasova I., (2014). U.S. is 65th in world on gender gap.  CNN Money, [online] 28 October. Available at: http://money.cnn.com/2014/10/27/news/economy/global-gender-pay-gap/ [Accessed 10 November 2014].

The Global Gender Gap 2014. World Economic Forum, Available at: http://reports.weforum.org/global-gender-gap-report-2014/ [Accessed 10 November 2014].

Ridgeway C. L., (2011). ‘One the puzzle of persistance’ in: How Gender Inequality Persists in the Modern World. Oxford Univeristy Press, pp. 3-25. 

 

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